Time, Temporality, and the Scientific Investigation of Reality

Abstract

This article examines select correspondences between the physics and phenomenology of time that beg elucidation and position phenomenology to contribute to the scientific investigation of reality. Its analysis yields four observations. (1) The inherent tendency of things to change asymmetrically is the basis of time and temporality. Physics calls this tendency the “arrow of time.” Phenomenology calls it “άρχή κινήσεος” (archí kiníseos). (2) The physics and phenomenology of time posit isomorphic interpretations of reality. They both interpret reality as a unity of time, space, and beings. They also posit isomorphic interpretations of space. An analysis of the notions contemporary physics sometimes appears to presume suggests it is not immune to the prejudices induced by an ontic appropriation of reality, however. It also suggests a potentially constructive role for phenomenology in the scientific investigation of time and space. (3) Physics and phenomenology reveal time as a relation between one set of transformations measured against another set of transformations. (4) The human tendency to fall into the everyday comprehension of time may be complicating the scientific investigation of
time. 

Keywords: Time, space, temporality, physics, phenomenology, consciousness, intentionality, existence


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