L’esthétique, l’intuitif et l’empirique. La refonte husserlienne de l’esthétique transcendantale


Aesthetic, Intuition, Experience: Husserl’s redefinition of the transcendental aesthetic

This article offers a contribution to the topic of the relationship between Kant and Husserl’s transcendental philosophies from the point of view of the transcendental aesthetic. Its phenomenological conception is rebuilt by studying the relationship between transcendental aesthetic and analytic, then between transcendental aesthetic and logic. The first perspective shows not only that Husserl’s concept of a transcendental aesthetic aims at a double-leveled task, but that the second level implies an non-kantian integration of causality along with time and space in the aesthetic frame. On this basis, it’s possible to see Husserl as a heir to Schopenhauer’s critique of the Kantian philosophy. The second perspective shows that Husserl has always seen the transcendental aesthetic as a the first step of a new type of logic, defined at first as a “real logic” then as a “world-logic”, which is the transcendental logic itself in a genetic point of view, describing the world’s “history” in the subject’s intentional life.

Keywords: Husserl, Kant, Schopenhauer, aesthetic, sensuousness, intuition, experience, causality, logic, world

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