« L’ego hors de soi » : sur la naissance, le sommeil et la mort. De l’Anthropologie du point de vue pragmatique aux Textes tardifs sur la constitution du temps


“The Ego beside Itself”: On Birth, Sleep, and Death; From Kant’s Anthroplogy from a Pragmatic Point of View to Husserl’s Late Manuscripts on Time-Constitution

We know that Husserl knew the text of the Anthropology from a Pragmatic Point of View, which he had at least partly read in Hartenstein’s edition of Kant’s Sämtliche Werke. In the section called « On the inhibition, weakening, and total los of the sense faculties », Kant poses the problem of death in terms comparable to those of Husserl. Here, I argue that in his analysis of sleep, birth and death in the so-called C-Manuscripts, Husserl makes a transcendental and non-anthropological use of Kant’s non transcendental anthropology. If we can say, along with Saulius Geniusas, that the C-manuscripts « mark the emergence of the problematic of birth, death, and sleep into the critical scope of Husserl’s phenomenology of time », then we need to add that the analysis of the sense faculties in the Anthropological Didactic marks the period of gestation.

Keywords: birth, death, empirical psychology, extasy, limit-phenomena, phenomenology, pragmatic anthropology, self-mastery, sickness, sleep, unconsciousness

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