Introduction. Les paradigmes de la justice


Introduction. Paradigms of Justice

Theories of justice are marred by a permanent state of conflict because they express prejudices whose source lies in the lifeworld. One may regard these theories as interpretations of the concept of justice. Assuming a strong meaning of “theory,” one can legitimately ask if it is possible to reduce a theory of justice to its underlying paradigm. Several different paradigms coexist in modernity; the tension between them has intensified with the advent of political ideologies. The newest paradigm of justice is global justice. Yet the epistemic status of all theories of justice is ambiguous. A theory of justice is true to the extent that it is right, and false if it is not. This applies to Rawls’ theory, as well.

Keywords: theories of justice, ideologies, norms, values, politics

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