Phänomenologische Situationsanalyse bei Heidegger und Sartre. Ein Beitrag zur Bestimmung der Immanenz als originärer Situativität


The Phenomenological Analysis of Situation in Heidegger and Sartre: A Contribution to the Understanding of Immanence as Originary Situatedness

The concept of situation is central to both Daseins-Analysis and Existentialism, since signifies either thrownness (Geworfenheit), freedom or radical finitude. There is, however, a circle here, insofar as transcendence and situation define each other reciprocally. An originary phenomenology, therefore, must trace situatedness back to the immanence of life. This means that there is an originary connection to life as a phenomenological absolute that is prior to any “projection” (Entwurf) or “opening of Being” (Heidegger) as well as to any “original choice” (Sartre). It is then possible to determine subjective identity, independently from existential decisions and positions, as grounded in the unity of act and content that characterizes originary ipseity.

Keywords: Heidegger, Sartre, phenomenology, situation, immanence

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