Sur la légitimité théologique de la démocratie


On the Theological Legitimacy of Democracy

The following study attempts to inquire on the possibility of a theological discourse on democracy. It reflects, first of all, the multiple forms of the political theology and describes one specific scenario, that of a hermeneutical relation between the two poles. The next step is to identify concrete historical forms of this relation and depicts two main possibilities: the ideological religious legitimation of the political (Schmitt) and the messianic vocation as original tension that makes possible both discourses (Agamben). Two ways of conceiving democracy are further discussed: the “ideological” democracy and the “dialectical” form, that assume the absolute transcendence of its subjects.

Keywords: political theology, democracy, legitimacy, messianism, ideology

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